6 Achieve universal primary education

Where we are

attending school
Bangladesh has made major strides towards full enrollment in its primary education programme. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh

Significant progress has been made in increasing equitable access in education (NER: 98.7 percent; girls: 99.4 percent, boys: 97.2 percent), reduction of dropouts, improvement in completion of the cycle, and implementation of a number of quality enhancement measures in primary education. Bangladesh has already achieved gender parity in primary and secondary enrolment. Initiatives have been taken to introduce pre-school education to prepare the children for formal schooling.

The government is in the process of implementing a comprehensive National Education Policy (2010) to achieve its objectives. The Constitution of Bangladesh has provision for free and compulsory primary education. The challenge under MDG 2 include attaining the targets of primary education completion rate and the adult literacy rate. A large part of physically and mentally challenged children remain excluded of the schooling system. The quality of education is also a challenge at the primary and higher levels.

Status

Goal, Targets and Indicators (as revised)

Base year

1990/91

Current status (source)

Target by 2015

Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education                                                                                                        

Target 2.A:  Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling

2.1: Net enrolment in primary education,  %

60.5

98.7

(DPE 2011)

100

2.2: Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5,  %

43.0

79.5

 (DPE 2011)

100

2.3: Literacy rate of 15-24 year olds, women and men, %

-

Total 74.9

Women: 81.9 Men: 67.8

(BDHS 2011)

100

2.3a: Adult literacy rate of 15+ years old population, % (proxy indicator)

37.2

59.82

M: 63.89,

F: 55.71

(BLS 2010)

58.8

(SVRS 2011)

100

Targets for MDG2
  1. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
    • Net enrolment ratio in primary education
    • Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
    • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men