6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where we are?


Women and girls are more and more empowered, from enrolling in schools to becoming successful entrepreneurs. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh

Bangladesh has already achieved this goal i.e. gender parity in primary and secondary education at the national level. This positive development has occurred due to some specific public interventions focusing on girl students, such as stipends and exemption of tuition fees for girls in rural areas, and the stipend scheme for girls at the secondary level. Bangladesh has made significant progress in promoting the objectives of ensuring gender equality and empowerment of women.

There has been steady improvement in the social and political empowerment scenario of women in Bangladesh. The Government of Bangladesh is committed to attaing the objective of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW),the Beijing Platform for Action and MDGs in conformity with the fundamental rights enshrined in the Bangladesh Constitution. It has adopted the National Policy for Women’s Advancement (2011) and a series of programs for ensuring sustainable development of women.

There has been a sharp increase in the number of women parliamentarians elected (20 percent of total seats) in the last national election. However, wage employment for women in Bangladesh is still low. Only one woman out of every five is engaged in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector.

UNDP's work in Bangladesh

  • Shabdi D'Costa is well known in her neighbourhood for her work in helping women emerge from poverty. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh.

    The poverty fighter Didi of Godnail slum

    Shabdi D’Costa was in her forties, barely surviving with her three daughters on her husband’s meager Tk 1,800 (US $22) salary, when she took a principledmore

  • Shyamola Begum is representative of a broader Bangladeshi reality, where economic empowerment has often led to a greater voice for women in the family and the public sphere. Photo: Kawser Ahmed / UNDP Bangladesh

    Women take the lead in fighting poverty

    Shyamola Begum, 43, knows why she lost her husband. Under the pressures of crippling poverty, with too many mouths to feed, he left their one roommore

Status

Goal, targets and indicators (as revised)

Base year

1990/91

Current status (source)

Target by 2015

Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women                                                                                     

Target 3.A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by  2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015

3.1: Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education

3.1a: Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (Gender Parity Index = Girls/ Boys)

0.83

1.02

(ACR, DPE 2011)

1.10

(BDHS 2011)

1.00

3.1b: Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (Gender Parity Index = Girls/ Boys)

0.52

1.13

(BANBEIS 2011)

1.10

(BDHS 2011)

1.00

3.1c: Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (Gender Parity Index = Girls/ Boys)

0.37

0.66

(BANBEIS 2011)

0.60

(BDHS 2011)

1.00

3.2: Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector, (%)

19.10

19.87

(LFS 2010)

50.00

3.3: Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament, (%)

12.70

20.00

(MOWCA 2012)

33.00

1.36 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament