6 Reduce child mortality

Where we are?


Communities are now better able to protect mothers and infants: the infant mortality rate is steadily decreasing. Photo: Salman Saeed/UNDP Bangladesh

Bangladesh has already met the target of reducing under-five mortality rate: against the target of achieving 48 per 1,000 live births in 2015, it has already achieved 44 per 1,000 live births in 2011. The target of reducing the infant mortality rate is also on track. The successful programs for immunization, control of diarrhoeal diseases and Vitamin A supplementation are considered to be the most significant contributors to the decline in child and infant deaths along with potential effect of overall economic and social development.

Despite these improvements, there are challenges ahead. While the mortality rates have improved, major inequalities among the population still need to be addressed. Childhood injuries, especially drowning, have emerged as a considerable public health problem responsible for a full quarter of the deaths among children from one to four years of age.

Status

Goal, targets and indicators (as revised)

Base year

1990/91

Current status (source)

Target by 2015

Goal 4: Reduce child mortality                                                                                                                            

Target 4.A: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.

4.1: Under-five mortality rate  (per 1,000 live births)

146

53

 (BDHS 2011)

44

 (SVRS 2011)

48

4.2: Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)

92

43

(BDHS 2011)

35

(SVRS 2011)

37.3

(Sample Census 2011 BBS)

31

4.3: Proportion of 1 year old children immunized  against measles, %

54

87.5 (M:88.3, F:86.8)

(BDHS 2011)

85.5

(CES 2011)

100

1.34 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG4
  1. Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles