6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where we are?


UNDP has displayed a network of around 1,000 community health service workers in some of the hardest to reach areas in the country. They have now treated over 1,235,000 patients. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh

Bangladesh has performed well in halting communicable diseases under this goal. Available data show that the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh currently is less than 0.1 percent and thus is still below an epidemic level. There was a significant improvement in the reduction of malarial deaths in the country over the years.

Major interventions for malaria control undertaken include expanding quality diagnosis and effective treatment of 90 percent of malaria cases; promoting the use of long lasting impregnated nets and insecticide-treated nets in 100 percent households in the three hill districts; and intensive information, education and communication campaigns for increasing mass awareness of prevention and control of malaria. Bangladesh has already achieved the MDG targets of tuberculosis case detection and cure rates.

Status

Goal, targets and indicators (as revised)

Base year

1990/1991

Current status (source)

Target by 2015

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases                                                                                                            

Target 6.A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS 

6.1: HIV prevalence among population, %

0.005

0.1

(9th SS 2011)

Halting

6.2: Condom use rate at last high risk sex, %

6.3

44-67

(UNGASS 2010)

-

6.3: Proportion of population aged 15-24 years  with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS , %

-

17.7

(NASP 2009)

-

6.4: Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years

Data not available

Target 6.B: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it

6.5: Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs, %

-

100 (NASP 2012)

100

Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases 

6.6a Prevalence of malaria per 100,000 population

776.9

 (2008)

270.84

(MIS NMCP 2012)

310.8

6.6b Deaths of Malaria per 100,000 population

1.4 

(2008)

0.101 (MIS NMCP 2012)

0.6

6.7 Proportion of Children under-5 sleeping under  insecticide treated bed nets (13 high risk malaria districts)  %

81

 (2008)

94.40 (MIS NMCP 2012)

90 (target met)

6.8 Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti malarial drugs

60

(2008)

89.50

(MIS NMCP 2012)

90 (almost attained)

6.9a Prevalence of TB per 100,000 population

493

 

411

(GTBR WHO 2011)

320

6.9b Deaths of  TB per 100,000 population

58

 

43

(GTBR WHO 2011)

38

6.10a:  Detection rate of TB under DOTS, %

21

 (1994)

70  (MIS NTP 2011)

70 (target met)

6.10b:  Cure rate of TB under DOTS, %

73

(1994)

92

(MIS NTP 2011)

>85

1.28 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs