6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?


Dedicated projects have been put in place to protect coastal communities and people's access to safe water. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh

At present there is only 19.4 percent of land in Bangladesh having tree cover with density of 10 percent and above. Based on the spatial dimension, the area having tree cover is much closer to the target (20 percent) set by the government but the density is much less than the target (>70 percent). Since 1991, there has been a steady increase in CO2 emission in Bangladesh. In 2007, the emission was 0.3 tonne per capita. At present the proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected is 2.3 percent which is much less than the target of 5 percent.

Data shows that without considering the issue of arsenic contamination, 98.2 percent of the population of Bangladesh is using improved drinking water source; 63.6 percent of population is using improved sanitation in 2011. However, access to safe water for all is a challenge, as arsenic and salinity intrusion as a consequence of climate change fall out will exacerbate availability of safe water especially for the poor.

UNDP's work in Bangladesh

  • The coastal afforestation project rehabilitates the poorest families displaced by extreme weather events. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh / Kawser Ahmed

    Bangladesh's 'green wall' fights global climate change

    Five years ago, on the night of November 15, a cyclone ripped through Bangladesh’s coast killing more than 3,000 people and leaving a trail of devastationmore

  • The brickmaking technology introduced by UNDP reduces carbon emissions by 40% compared to traditional brick factories. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh

    Cleaner bricks lay foundation for green economy

    Fourteen years ago Razia Bewa`s husband passed away, as a 30-year old widow with 4 daughters, she was not prepared for what life had in storemore

Status

Goal, targets and indicators (as revised)

Base year

1990/1991

Current status (source)

Target by 2015

Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability                                                                                                        

Target 7.A:  Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources  

Target 7.B:  Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the   rate of loss

 7.1: Proportion of land area covered by forest, % (tree coverage)

9.0

19.42

 (DoF 2012)

(density>10%)

20.0

(density >70%)

7.2: CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)

Lack of data

7.2a: CO2 emissions, metric tons per capita

0.14

0.30

(DoE 2007)

-

 7.3a: Consumption of ozone-depleting substances

-

 7.3a: Consumption of ozone-depleting substances in ODP tonnes

 

72.6

ODP tonnes

(HCFC: Hydro chlorofluorocarbon)

CFCs: 48 ODP tonnes[1]

HCFCs: 88.42 ODP tonnes

Total: 136.42 ODP

(Ozone Cell, DoE)

65.39

ODP tonnes

 7.4: Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits

-

54 inland and 16 marine

-

 7.5: Proportion of total water resources used

-

6.6% (2000)

-

 7.6: Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected

1.64

Terri: 1.83%  and Mari: 0.47

(DoF) 

5.0

7.7: Proportion of species threatened with extinction

-

106

(2001)

-

Target 7.C:  Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation   

7.8:  Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source

78

86[2]

(MICS 2009)

98.2

(SVRS 2011)

100

7.9:  Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility

39

63.6

(SVRS 2011)

100

Target 7.D:  Halve, by 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers  

7.10: Proportion of urban population living in slums

-

7.8

(BBS 2001)

-


[1] Under Essential Use Nomination approved by the Meeting of the Montreal Protocol for production of metered dose inhalers only.

[2] Considering arsenic contamination.

1.42 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums