6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?


In partnership with the government, UNDP has launched the Aid Effectiveness project to maximize the impact of development assistance and to ensure it changes the lives of the most vulnerable people. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh.

Between 1990-91 and 2010-11, the disbursed official development assistance (ODA) as a proportion of Bangladesh’s gross domestic product (GDP) has declined from 5.6 percent to 1.6 percent. During this period, per capita ODA disbursement fell from US$ 15.75 to US$ 12.01. During the period of 1990-91 to 1996-97, the share of grants and loans in total ODA was about the same. After the period, the share of grants is consistently declining while that of loans is rising. However, in 2010-11, the share of grants has increased to 48 percent of total ODA after a long period. 

Out of 34 member states of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), only nine countries provided US$ 363.99 million ODA to Bangladesh in 2010-11. The amount was only 20.5 percent of the total ODA received by Bangladesh in the year. It is observed that of the nine OECD countries, only three--Netherlands, Sweden and Norway-- comply with their commitment to provide more than 0.7 percent of their GNI as ODA to the developing countries. If we consider Bangladesh’s ODA received from the OECD countries as percentage of their Gross National Income, South Korea is ranked first, followed by the United Kingdom, Denmark and Sweden. Moreover, if we consider ODA received by Bangladesh as percentage of total ODA from OECD countries, South Korea tops the countries followed by Japan, United Kingdom and Denmark.

It is observed that total ODA disbursement in MDG sectors like education, health, social welfare, labour, public administration and social infrastructure have been receiving higher attention. These MDG sectors together along with agriculture and rural development received about 51 percent of total ODA disbursement in 2011. All ODA received from bilateral OECD/DAC donors was fully untied in 2011 against 82 percent in 2005 and 94 percent in 2007.

The Government of Bangladesh has taken up plans to ensure universal access through harmonious development of telecommunication network and building a well-developed, strong and reliable telecommunication infrastructure for effective implementation of its ICT policy and ultimately for complementing the ‘Vision 2021’ of the government. Cellular subscribers per 100 population are 64.6 in 2012 which was zero in 1990. The internet users per 100 population is 20.5 in 2012, which was 0.15, 0.20 and 3.4 in 2005, 2006 and 2008 respectively.

Status

Goal, targets and indicators (as revised)

Base year

1990/1991

Current status (source)

Target by 2015

Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development                                                                                                        

Target 8.A: Developed further an open, rule-based, predictable, non discriminatory trading and financial system

Target 8.B: Address the special needs of the least developed countries (LDCs)

Target 8.C: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) and small island developing states (SIDS)

Target 8.D: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries  through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term 

Official development assistance (ODA)

8.1a: Net ODA received by Bangladesh (million US$ )

1,240

1,777.12

(ERD 2011)

-

 8.1b: Net ODA received by Bangladesh, as  percentage of OECD/DAC donors’  GNI, %

5.7

0.0022

(ERD 2011)

-

8.2: Proportion of total bilateral sector-allocable ODA  to basic social services, %

42

(2005)

51

(ERD 2011)

-

8.3: Proportion of bilateral ODA of OECD/DAC donors that is untied (received by Bangladesh), %

82

(2005)

100

(ERD 2011)

100

8.4: ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes

Not relevant to Bangladesh

8.5: ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes

Not relevant to Bangladesh

Market Access

8.6: Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed countries, admitted free of duty

Global and DP performance

8.7: Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products, textiles and clothing from Bangladesh, %

12

(2005)

0-15.3 (2009)

-

8.8: Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product

Global and DP performance

8.9: Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity

Global and DP performance

Debt sustainability

8.10: Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)

Information not available

8.11: Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives

Information not available

8.12: Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services, %

20.9

 

4.9

(ERD 2011)

-

Target 8.E: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries

8.13: Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis, %

80

(2005)

80

(2005)

-

Target 8.F In cooperation with the private sector; make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications. 

8.14: Telephone lines per 100 population

0.2

0.75

(BTRC 2012)

-

8.15:  Cellular subscribers per 100 population

-

64.56

(BTRC 2012)

-

8.16: Internet users per 100 population

0.0

20.52

(BTRC 2012)

-

1.68 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population