GREEN Brick (Improving Kiln Efficiency in Brick Making Industry)

What is the project about?

green brick factoryScientific kiln design translates into significantly higher energy efficiency in the brickmaking industry. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh

This project is designed to remove barriers to the widespread adoption of energy efficient kilns (specialised ovens for brick making). The age old technology that is prevalent in the traditional brickfields in Bangladesh is not environment friendly and causes serious health threats to the workers and the neighbouring population, as well as being Bangladesh's biggest stationary source of carbon emissions.

Brick making operations are mostly within the informal small enterprise sector, and does not have financial or strong incentives to become more energy efficient. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions in the country, estimated to be on the order of 6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) annually. It is also a major source of land degradation and deforestation.

The GREEN Brick project aims to implement 15 demonstration energy efficient kilns in a five year period. It will result in the direct energy savings of 314 kilotons of coal by the end of the project. In the upcoming 15 years, direct greenhouse gas emission reductions should be of 1,470 kilotons of CO2. Moreover, it introduces a gender empowerment component, demonstrating that generating environmentally and socially acceptable jobs is possible.

What have we accomplished so far?

 private sector adoptionThe private sector has so far adopted 20 green brick kilns. Photo: UNDP Bangladesh

As of December 2012, five energy efficient kilns (also known more precisely as the Hybrid Hoffman Kiln – HHK), were commercially operational with a total reduction of 16 kilotons of CO2 emission and six kilotons of coal usage.  Construction of another eight HHK is underway, and 25 more similar projects are undertaken by the private sector.

 Accomplishments in regards to policies are equally notable:

  • The Supreme Court of Bangladesh ruled against brick-kiln in 11 ecologically critical areas.
  • The Brick Manufacturing Control Act 2013 has been approved by the Cabinet.
  • The Department of Environment has banned the traditional kilns and ordered their shut down by June 30, 2013.
  •  The project has also successfully created wider awareness among the population through its media interventions and campaigns.

At the historic Rio+20 Conference in June 2012, GREEN Brick was highlighted by the government as a win-win success story from the least developed countries. It was also showcased as among the top 10 results of UNDP Bangladesh in 2006-2011.

The project is also engaged in others areas of work:

  • Asian RICE project funded by UNESCO
  • Green Development funded by the Government of the Netherlands
  • Gender empowerment by the Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA)

Who finances it?



Global Environmental Facility (GEF)

$ 3,000,000

Global Gender and Climate Alliance

$ 60,000

Multi Donor Trust Fund - Netherlands Government

$ 30,000

UNDP Track Fund

$ 1,000,000

Delivery in previous fiscal years

Year Amount
2015 (Jan till date)  $79,280
2014  $ 44,944
2013  $ 456,388


 $ 778,478


 $ 760,112


 $ 471,539

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