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The project aims to reduce vulnerability of communities to the adverse impacts of climate change through participative design, community-based management, and diversification of afforestation and reforestation programmes. Altogether, over 60,000 vulnerable people will benefit from a range of LDCF-supported interventions.

The project comprises three components. Component 1 addresses existing barriers relating to lack of livelihood diversification and lack of coastal forest diversification, both of which adversely impact coastal forest sustainability. Component 2 seeks to strengthen community engagement and ownership of forestry-based adaptation and climate risk reduction programmes by developing and demonstrating effective co-management and benefit-sharing for coastal greenbelt plantations. Finally, component 3 focuses on protecting communal livelihood assets in afforestation and reforestation sites from extreme climate events through effective early warning and preparedness planning.

In order to reduce climate impacts in the coast, UNDP has taken up historic first LDCF project in 2009 called ‘Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change through Coastal Afforestation (CBACC)’ in Bangladesh and carried out 9,000 ha. of mangrove afforestation.  To scale up the efforts and impacts of CBACC and to engage local community in greenbelt management, UNDP with financial support from Global Environment Facility (GEF) is implementing a follow up project from 2016 titled as ‘Integrating Community-based Adaptation into Afforestation and Reforestation (ICBA-AR) Programmes in Bangladesh (ICBA-AR)’ with the objectives of reducing climate vulnerabilities of local communities through participatory planning, community and ecosystem based management, and integration of climate resilient livelihoods with coastal

The ICBA-AR project will reforest 650 ha. of degraded mangroves with 12 different species to enhance resilience of mangrove through diversification; provide agricultural, fisheries, livestock  and innovative livelihood support to poor communities; demonstrate 100 ha. of Fish-Fruit-Forest (FFF) model; engage local communities in coastal forest management and sharing forest benefits among others. Around 10,500 poor local households will be benefitted from the project and 6,000 Cyclone Preparedness Program volunteers will receive training and equipment support through the project.

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