Disaster prevention and resilient communities
The challenge of recurrent disasters big and small put Bangladesh on the path of reform and brought about a nationally tailored architecture for disaster coordination that involves the government, the UN system, and national and international non-government agencies and humanitarian actors. Building on the lessons in the past, the reform has been guided by a set of best practice principles emerged from global humanitarian reform began in 2006 for a united cause of improving humanitarian action to serve the people in disaster vulnerable countries.
A decades-long, trusted and dependable partnership between UNDP and the government on disaster management laid foundation for a robust UN System response, under the UN Resident Coodinator’s leadership, to systematically review Bangladesh’s humanitarian coordination in the context of internationally adopted best practice systems and principles. Clearly, past efforts from government and development partners including United Kingdom, European Union, AusAID, Norway, Switzerland, Sweden and other UN agencies such as World Food Programme and UNICEF, the nation had improved institutional capacity in disaster risk reduction and preparedness. Improvement was however needed in the coordination of the humanitarian response and recovery.
Building peace in the Chittagong Hill Tracts
Eight years have passed since the Chittagong Hill Tracts Development Facility (CHTDF) began its work of ensuring access to basic services for the people of the CHT, and developing capacity and building confidence of the CHT institutions at the national, regional and local levels. As part of the wider effort of the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) to implement the CHT Peace Accord and to ensure human development in the Hill Tracts, CHTDF has made a valuable contribution to the process of successful peace building and in improving the socio-economic conditions of the resident communities.
The unique UNDP multi-sectoral and area based approach was successfully followed by CHTDF and many of the thematic areas that UNDP is engaged in were addressed. CHTDF has been assisting the government in transferring and balancing decentralized power from the national level to the Hill District Councils (HDC), specialized institutions of local governance in charge of implementing the peace accord and providing public services. Consequently, for the first time in over a decade, the HDCs are now managing CHTDF-funded projects on health, education and livelihood as well as many more of the core 33 functions agreed in the CHT Peace Accord. In 2011 alone, HDCs managed $7.2M in service delivery.
Featured PublicationsHuman Development Report 2013
When developed economies stopped growing during the 2008–2009 financial crisis but developing economies kept on growing, the world took notice. The rise of the South, seen within the developing world as an overdue global rebalancing, has been much commented on since.
Effective humanitarian coordination aims to ensure the best use of resources to achieve the most appropriate and relevant response to the needs of people affected by a crisis. Increasingly in Bangladesh, as in other contexts, there is recognition not only that preparedness for a coordinated response is important
The government acknowledges the need for pre-disaster mitigation and preparedness of the people, as opposed to the earlier concepts of responding after a disaster has taken place, as a necessary as well as a cost-effective approach.
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