HDR Lead Author, Dr. Selim Jahan, Briefs Development PartnersJan 11, 2016
Dhaka, 11 January, 2016: Deepening globalization, technological revolutions, particularly the digital revolution, and the environmental challenges are driving the transformation of work today, providing unbound opportunities and profound challenges for the countries including Bangladesh, says the Human Development Report (HDR) 2015 published recently by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The Report, “Work for Human Development” argues that for better life outcomes, policies should encapsulate all types of work including care, creative and voluntary work that are also important for human development and should pay particular attention to sustainability.
Highlighting the key findings of the Report, Dr. Selim Jahan, Director of the Human Development Report Office (HDRO), at a roundtable discussion held at UNDP Bangladesh on 11 January 2016 said, “In a changing world, enhancing human development through work requires holistic policy interventions. Unless action is taken, many people, particularly those marginalized, might be left behind.”
Dr. Jahan was addressing representatives of development agencies in Bangladesh, including the World Bank, UK Aid, Embassies of Australia, Canada, Norway, Sweden and the Netherlands, as well as the United Nations Country Team.
The Report urges countries and societies to promote decent work opportunities and sustainability by both improving education, and social protection, particularly for the vulnerable groups, and by engaging in collective action and protective legislation to eradicate work that exploits and demeans. Strengthening rights for informal and vulnerable workers is presented as an area for action in the report, emphasizing that informal work also disproportionately affects women. The report outlines gender imbalances in paid and unpaid work, and a growing ‘care gap’ that is disproportionately affecting women.
It proposes an agenda for action to build momentum for change pursuing a three-pillar approach---a new social contract, a global deal and the Decent Work Agenda.
In moving forward, Ms. Pauline Tamesis, Country Director, UNDP Bangladesh suggested that, “We will enhance our on-going support to the National Social Security Strategy and promote sustainable and inclusive work through engagement, among others, with private sector and renewable energy sector.”
According to the Report, Bangladesh ranks 142 out of 188 countries in the Human Development Index (HDI), a position unchanged from last year’s ranking, despite showing some positive trends in overall value in different areas of human development. Bangladesh’s HDI value for the year is 0.570 up from the previous year’s 0.567, which put the country in the medium human development category.