Fish-Fruit-Forest: An innovative Model to Adapt Coastal Communities

Many communities living close to the shoreline of the country are reliant on agriculture and fishing for their livelihoods. Rising sea level and increase in the frequency and intensity

of tropical cyclones are raising the incidences and severity of flooding, salt water intrusion and erosion, not to mention loss of livelihoods, shelter and life.

The ‘Fish-Fruit-Forest (FFF) model was introduced by UNDP with the help of the Bangladesh Forest Department, is being used in the coastline to reduce climate vulnerability of coastal poor communities and lift them out of poverty. It makes the coastal less productive land productive by building mounds and ditches so that fruits, vegetables and timber trees can be grown, and fish can be farmed. The FFF model increases the income of the marginalized community through climate resilient fisheries, horticultural and livestock related livelihood options.

The project has the targets of preparing 28 ha. of FFF model in 2018. Each of the ditches of FFF model will be allocated to one beneficiary. Thus 28 ha. of FFF model will benefit 140 local poor people. Of the number at least 50% will be female. In the meantime (February 2018) the project has prepared over 50 of ditches in Hatiya Upazila of Noakhali and Char Tajumuddin Upazila of Bhola.

Talking about the model, Mr. Gobinda Roy, Conservator of Forest, says, ‘the FFF model will be like a job for the poor coastal people who can earn continuous and recurrent incomes through diversified livelihood options. In addition, to that, the Forest Department allows the community to utilize the land of FFF model for 10 years on lease and it will be renewed based on success and continuation of the planned activities.

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