What have we accomplished?
Even though several parts of the Peace Accord have not yet been implemented, peace has been consolidated in the region. Namely, 65% of over 2,500 surveyed households reported that they confidently move everywhere outside their own village as compared to 34.5% prior to the Accord. The survey results and an external evaluation showed that UNDP’s programming and presence in the CHT have contributed to promoting and sustaining peace and development in CHT. As of 2015, 287 indigenous/tribal police personnel have been transferred to the CHT districts while police capacity more broadly has been increased through the renovation of 19 police outposts, establishment of 11 women friendly police facilities, and the reactivation of community police forums in all 121 Unions of the CHT region. Harmonization of national with CHT related laws and regulations is well-underway with 38 laws and acts brought into line with government standards.
Multi-lingual and mother tongue education have been introduced in 132 schools. Over 20,000 children have received access to primary education through 315 primary schools, managed by Hill District Councils (HDCs) with support from UNDP. A network of 1,000 Community Health Service Workers (CHSWs) and Community Skilled Birth Attendants (CSBAs) has been established, providing over half a million CHT people with increased access to basic health services. Furthermore, Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs (MoCHTA) and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) signed an agreement to provide salary support to CHSWs and CSBAs from 1 October 2015 until the 30 June 2016. A total of 3,507 Para/Village Development Committees (PDCs) and 1,935 Para Nari/Women Development Group (PNDGs) have been organized, trained and supported to manage and implement community development projects benefiting 115,107 households across 26 Upazilas of CHT. Following a Household Survey in the CHT in 2013, people are now much better fed, recording a 56% reduction of food deficient months from 2008 baseline (1.2 months per year down from 2.7 months). Average per-capita daily food energy intake now surpasses the poverty line, from 1,797 kilo-calories in 2008 to 2,033 kilo-calories in 2013. These outcomes were achieved through a series of interventions, including the establishment of 1,729 rice-banks and 1,548 Farmers Field Schools (FFS) that helped small farmers improve production. These significant achievements confirm the importance of the CHTDF’s assistance in the area, and the need for continuation of the intervention.